The simplest way to describe the function of nameservers is that these nifty inventions navigate websites without you memorizing a string of numbers called an “IP address.” Nameservers help you control your DNS (domain name systems) values so that Internet browsers can easily find your website and resources.
You need to know the basics of how domain name systems work to better understand how you can access it.
How Domain Name Systems Work
Before we go into explaining how domain name systems work, let’s define some terms:
- Domain Name Systems convert domain names into IP addresses. The system is more straightforward than most people assume.
Primary Components of DNS
- Domain Name Registrars allow you to purchase a domain where you can choose your nameserver.
- Nameservers are where you can find your DNS values and access this information when you need to control your domain.
- Parent Nameservers (13 of these exist globally) are where registrars send the information about your domain.
It takes some time for data to sync, but after you register your domain, you can use it, and people can find your website.
Basic Overview of Domain Names Systems
Here is the five-step process for registering your domain:
- You will need to purchase a domain from the registrar to put up a website, choosing a nameserver in the process. Once selected, the registrar will send the information over to the parent nameservers.
- Registration of this nameserver allows you to sync your data. The data will be sent to these servers using stored values, accessible through tools like DirectAdmin.
You can choose your nameserver. If you plan on using a unique server, go to the registrar and have the name registered so that you prevent technical mishaps regarding your domain (like someone else using the nameserver you wanted).
If you encounter issues, you can resolve these by going to domain resellers and registering your server there. Alternatively, you can go to the management page of your domain and create two “A” records, like a subdomain.
- You will have two IP records that you’ll want your server to use for your nameserver to exist—the rest will be up to the registrar.
- Once your servers have resolved their values, you’ll need to go to the registrar and have the servers registered.
- Wait for the values to propagate. It can take a few days, but once complete, you can take these values to the registrar who will register your server.
After you’ve registered your nameserver, you can return to the registrar and assign your domain under designated servers. You may also need to go back to your domain’s DNS management page and set the nameservers as “NS” in the recorded values.
Why Are Nameservers Important?
Domain names need DNS records for the internet to recognize them. Many of these records appear as “CNAME,” “MX,” or “A.” Since domain names are easily transferrable, there needs to be some way you can identify them as they apply to the server.
You can achieve this by using nameservers assigned to your domain to identify which domain records apply. Instead of using IP addresses (assigned by your web hosts such as our recommended ones in Australia, Canada, Malaysia, UK, and Singapore), nameservers identify the DNS records to help your internet browser reach a location or website.
If you are interested in building a website or securing a domain, it’s essential to understand the functions of nameservers and DNS records. Nameservers are necessary if you want users to find your website easily.
Make it a point to look for information to register your website domain.